Back Pain

Transient-Structural Scoliosis (Sciatic Scoliosis)

Scoliosis refers to an abnormal deviation in the curvature of the spine usually seen in x-rays as a lateral (sideways) S or C curvature. Structural scoliosis are lateral and rotational curvatures of the spine caused by reversible changes to the structure of the spine. They are typically due to the d ...

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Thoracic Segmental Joint Dysfunction

The thoracic spine (upper and mid back) begins at the base of the neck and is made up of twelve vertebrae (spinal bones) labelled T1-12 which connect to the lumbar spine (low back). Thoracic Segmental Joint Dysfunction is the term used to describe a numbe ...

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T4 Syndrome

There are 12 thoracic vertebra in the spine, labelled T1-T12 from top to bottom. T4 syndrome is the name given to irritation that occurs most commonly at the level of T4, however irritation may also occur from T2-T7. The exact cause of T4 syndrome is unknown, however it is believed that poor movemen ...

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Structural Scoliosis (Idiopathic Scoliosis)

Scoliosis refers to an abnormal deviation in the curvature of the spine usually seen in x-rays as a lateral (sideways) S or C curvature. Structural scoliosis are lateral and rotational curvatures of the spine caused by irreversible changes to the structure of the spine. They are mostly idiopathic (u ...

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Shingles (Herpes Zoster Virus)

Shingles is a disease caused by reactivation of a latent Varicella Virus, Herpes Zoster Virus, which resides in the dorsal root ganglion (cluster of nerve cells located next to the spinal cord). Mechanical, emotional or chemical stress activates the virus causing pain, burning and sensitivity along ...

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Scheuermann’s Disease

Scheuermann’s disease is a developmental disorder of the spine believed to be the result of vertebral growth plate trauma during adolescence. The result is normal bony growth and development of the posterior (back) vertebral structures with a cessation of growth in the anterior (front) vertebral str ...

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Non-Structural Scoliosis (Postural Scoliosis)

Scoliosis refers to an abnormal deviation in the curvature of the spine usually seen in x-rays as a lateral (sideways) S or C curvature. Non-structural scoliosis are lateral curvatures of the spine caused by reversible changes to posture and function. They can be straightened voluntarily or when in ...

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Kyphosis

Kyphosis refers to an abnormally excessive curvature of the mid back. The spine was designed to have natural curvatures in the neck, mid and low back which act as shock absorbers to help support the weight of the head and torso, however a kyphosis occurs when this natural mid back curvature is large ...

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Juvenile Scoliosis

Scoliosis refers to an abnormal deviation in the curvature of the spine usually seen in x-rays as a lateral (sideways) S or C curvature. Juvenile scoliosis is an idiopathic (unknown cause) condition that affects children between the ages of 3 and 9. At this age the condition is usually progressive a ...

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Infantile Scoliosis

Scoliosis refers to an abnormal deviation in the curvature of the spine usually seen in x-rays as a lateral (sideways) S or C curvature. Infantile scoliosis is an idiopathic (unknown cause) condition that affects children under the age of 3 and is typically first noticed when the child is approximat ...

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Compression Fracture

Compression fractures are fractures that occur in the vertebra of the spine following a compressive trauma. In young healthy people the force required to cause a compression fracture is significant, for example a fall on the buttocks or a hyperflexion injury. However there are bone-weakening disorde ...

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Adult Scoliosis

Scoliosis refers to an abnormal deviation in the curvature of the spine usually seen in x-rays as a lateral (sideways) S or C curvature. The majority of adult scoliosis are idiopathic (unknown cause) however some known causes include a progression of juvenile scoliosis which went untreated as a chil ...

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