Finger and Thumb Pain

Volar Plate Injury

The volar plate is a thick ligament located underneath the middle and end joints of the fingers which connects each of the bones on either side of each joint. A volar plate injury occurs when a finger joint is hyperextended (bent too far backwards), which places an increased force on the volar plate ...

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Trigger Finger (Stenosing Tenosynovitis)

Trigger Finger, or Stenosing Tenosynovitis, is a condition that affects the fingers and thumb, where a snapping or locking of the digits occurs when the hand is opened or closed. It is caused by an irritation of the flexor tendons of the hand, which are the tendons responsible for closing the hand o ...

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Raynaud’s Syndrome (Raynaud’s Disease/Phenomenon)

Raynaud’s is characterised by vasospasm (sudden contraction of a blood vessel) of the small arteries that supply blood to the skin, typically in the fingertips or toes. There are two types of Raynaud’s, Primary Raynaud’s and Secondary Raynaud’s. ● Primary Raynaud’s, also referred to as Raynaud’s ...

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Mallet Finger

Mallet finger is an injury to the extensor tendon located at the end joint, also known as the distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint, of a finger or thumb. It is also referred to as “baseball finger” as it is commonly caused by a direct blow to the fingertip by an unyielding object like a baseball, whic ...

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Gamekeeper’s Thumb

Gamekeeper’s Thumb is the name given to an injury of the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) located at the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint, which is the joint at the base of the thumb. The UCL is responsible for thumb stability and helps the thumb with pinching motions. Gamekeeper's thumb is typically ...

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Flexor Digitorum Tendon Rupture (Football or Jersey Finger)

Jersey Finger is the name given to a rupture of the flexor digitorum profundus tendon near its attachment point at the end of the finger bone. It is caused by a sudden force being placed on the fingertip, typically when a football player tries to grab the jersey of a moving opponent which is why it ...

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Extension Tendon Rupture

Extensor tendons are located on the back of the hand and fingers and are responsible for straightening the fingers. Due to their location they are vulnerable to injury where a minor cut or a jamming injury may occur, such as within a door frame, causing the tendon to rupture (tear) from the bone. Th ...

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Central Slip Tear (Boutonniere Deformity)

A central slip tear, also known as Boutonniere deformity, is the name given to a rupture of the extensor tendon of the finger as it travels over the middle joint, or the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint, of the finger. It typically occurs as a result of direct injury to the finger by a solid obj ...

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