Head And Neck Pain

Whiplash Injury (Hyperflexion/Hyperextension Injury)

Whiplash is defined as a sudden injury to the neck whereby the neck is forced into rapid hyperflexion (bending forwards) and hyperextension (bending backwards). This rapid motion to the cervical spine results in soft tissue sprain/strain complications. The whiplash injury may be further complicated ...

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Torticollis (Wry Neck)

A torticollis or wry neck is the result of an acute spasm to the head and neck muscles resulting in a significant loss of neck movement. The neck classically appears locked in rotation and side tilting. The most common level of the neck to be affected is the upper neck (C2-C3), and both adults and c ...

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Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

The thoracic outlet is the space between the anterior scalene muscles in the side of the neck and the rib cage. Nerves and blood vessels (neurovascular bundle), which originate in the cervical spine run, down the neck through the thoracic outlet, under the clavicle (collarbone), through the axilla ( ...

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Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction (TMJ Disorder)

The TMJ is the most used joint in the body. TMJ Dysfunction is fairly common and symptoms vary from mild to severe. Females are four times as likely to suffer from this condition. The TMJ is made up of two main joints: the temporal bone (skull) and the mandible (jaw) united by the cartilage, the dis ...

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Herniated Cervical Disc

A herniated cervical disc is the result of the annulus – the outer layer of the intervertebral disc - rupturing or tearing. If the annulus ruptures or tears the nuclear material inside the disc will impinge on the cervical nerve roots and the thecal sac, which contains the cerebrospinal fluid, resul ...

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Cervical Spondylosis

Cervical Spondylosis or cervical osteoarthritis is characterised by osteoarthritic growth to the facet joints – the joints in your neck and back that allow you to bend - resulting in osteophyte formation, sometimes known as bone spurs. This arthritic growth causes narrowing of the intervertebral dis ...

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Cervical Spine Sprain/Strain

The cervical spine (neck) begins at the base of the skull and is made up of seven vertebrae (spinal bones) labelled C1-7 which connect to the thoracic spine (upper back). A cervical sprain or strain refers to damage of the soft tissue structures that surround the cervical spine. A sprain refers to a ...

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Cervical Segmental Joint Dysfunction

The cervical spine (neck) begins at the base of the skull and is made up of seven vertebra (spinal bones) labelled C1-7 which connect to the thoracic spine (upper back). Cervical Segmental Joint Dysfunction is the term used to describe a number of cervical joint injuries that affect the function of ...

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Cervical Radiculopathy

Cervical radiculopathy is a condition in which the cervical nerve roots are impinged, pinched or irritated. This may be caused by cervical degenerative joint disease, cervical spinal stenosis, cervical herniated disc. It may sometimes be the result of trauma or tumours. The pain varies in intensi ...

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Cervical Facet Syndrome

The cervical spine (neck) begins at the base of the skull and is made up of seven vertebrae (spinal bones) labelled C1-7 which connect to the thoracic spine (upper back). Cervical facet syndrome is the term used to describe degenerative arthritis of the facet joints (the small joints located between ...

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