Lower Back Pain

Spondylolisthesis

Spondylolisthesis is a condition of the spine, most commonly seen in the lumbar or lower back region. It occurs when one vertebra (spinal bone) slips, most usually out of place in a forward direction. There are four grades of spondylolisthesis:

  • Grade 1: 1-25% slip
  • Grade 2: 2 ...

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Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction

The sacroiliac joints (SIJ) are located both sides of the base of the spine and are the joints connecting the sacrum (base of the spine) to the pelvis. SIJ dysfunction is the term used to describe a number of SIJ injuries that affect the function of the SIJ. These can include traumatic, biomechanica ...

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Sacroiliac Injury

The sacroiliac joints (SIJ) are located at the base of the spine and are the joints connecting the sacrum (base of the spine) to the pelvis. A sprain refers to an injury of a ligament where an external force causes overstretching and possible tearing of the ligament fibres. There are various types o ...

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Reactive Arthritis (Reiter’s Syndrome)

Reactive Arthritis, previously termed Reiter’s syndrome, is a type of inflammatory arthridity (joint disease) that develops in response to a bacterial infection. The joints of the lower back, knees and ankles are most commonly affected. It typically affects men aged 20-50 and unlike other forms of a ...

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Mechanical Low Back Pain

Abnormal stressors on the joints and muscles surrounding the vertebral column within the lower back region can result in pain. It is this pain, caused by these mechanical stressors that we term mechanical lower back pain. It is typically the result of bad habits including poor posture both standing ...

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Lumbosacral Injury

Lumbosacral sprain and strain injuries are injuries to the soft tissue structures that surround the spine of the lower back. A sprain refers to an injury of a ligament while a strain refers to an injury of a muscle. Sprains and strains typically occur following a forceful or rapid twisting or bendin ...

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Lumbar Spondylolysis

Lumbar Spondylosis or lumbar osteoarthritis is characterised by osteoarthritic growth to the facet joints – the joints in your neck and back that allow you to bend - resulting in osteophyte formation, sometimes known as bone spurs. This arthritic growth causes narrowing of the intervertebral disc sp ...

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Lumbar Spinal Stenosis (Lumbar Canal Stenosis)

Lumbar spinal stenosis is a low back condition whereby either the spinal canal (central stenosis) or one or more of the vertebral foramina (foraminal stenosis) become narrowed. The spinal canal is a tunnel like structure within the spine, while the vertebral foramina are small openings on the sides ...

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Lumbar Segmental Joint Dysfunction

The lumbar spine (low back) begins at the base of the ribs and is made up of five vertebrae (spinal bones) labelled L1-L5 which connect to the sacrum and pelvis. Lumbar Segmental Joint Dysfunction is the term used to describe a number of lumbar joint injuries that affect the functi ...

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Lumbar Facet Syndrome

Each vertebrae within the spine has two bony plates that extend backwards and interlock with the vertebra above and below, these joints are known as facet joints. These facet joints, together with the intervertebral disc form the intervertebral joints and act as weight bearing structures as well as ...

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Lumbar Disc Herniation

The intervertebral disc is the shock absorbing cushion located between each vertebral body. Discs consist of an outer fibrous ring called the annulus fibrosis, with an inner gel-like substance called the nucleus pulposus. Disc herniation occurs when the outer annulus fibres begin to crack and break ...

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Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) is a chronic, lifelong type of inflammatory arthridity that primarily affects the joints of the spine. It typically affects the sacroiliac joint, where the spine attaches to the pelvis, first and then starts to affect other regions of the spinal column. The exact cause of ...

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Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

An aneurysm is the term used to describe an abnormal widening (ballooning) and weakening of a blood vessel. The aorta is the largest blood vessel in the human body and is responsible for transporting blood from the heart to the body. An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), is an aneurysm of the aorta in ...

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