Shoulder Pain

Tendon Injuries

Biceps Tendinitis Biceps tendinitis is the name given to an irritation or inflammation of the long head of the biceps tendon in the shoulder. It is typically caused by day-to-day activities that cause gradual degenerative changes to the biceps tendon as we age, however repetitive ...

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Shoulder Tendinitis/Bursitis OR Shoulder Bursitis

Subacromial Bursitis Bursae are fluid filled sacs that act to reduce friction between bones, tendons and/or muscles surrounding certain joints. The subacromial bursa is located beneath the bony prominence at the top of the shoulder and acts to reduce friction between the acromion ...

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Shoulder Girdle

Little Leaguer’s Shoulder Little leaguer’s shoulder, also known as proximal humeral epiphysitis, is an injury to the humerus (arm bone) at the shoulder. It occurs in growing athletes, typically aged 10-15, who perform frequent repetitive overarm throwing motions, such as baseball ...

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Rotator Cuff (SIITS MM)

Rotator Cuff Sprain and Strain Injuries The shoulder joint is a ball and socket joint, with a shallow socket to allow for maximal range of motion. However this shallow socket makes the shoulder prone to injuries. The rotator cuff is the name given to the four muscles - subscapula ...

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Instability/Dislocation

Traumatic Shoulder Instability Traumatic shoulder instability is the term used to describe an unstable or lax shoulder joint due to a previous injury. The shoulder joint is a ball and socket joint, with a shallow socket to allow for maximal range of motion. However this shallow s ...

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Impingement Syndrome

Impingement syndrome is a common pain producing condition that affects the shoulder. Injury to the rotator cuff (a sheath of tendons and ligaments supporting the arm at the shoulder) initiates an inflammatory response, however due to the unique structure of the shoulder, the bones surrounding the jo ...

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Adhesive Capsulitis (Frozen Shoulder Syndrome)

Adhesive capsulitis, also known as frozen shoulder syndrome, is an inflammation of the shoulder capsule. The capsule becomes thickened and tight causing fibrotic adhesions (stiff bands of tissue) to develop which reduce shoulder movement. There are three stages of the condition:

  1. Stage 1 ...

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Acromioclavicular Joint

The acromioclavicular (AC) joint is the joint at the top of the shoulder between the scapula (shoulder blade) and clavicle (collar bone) and forms the socket component of the shoulder’s ball and socket joint. AC joint separation is a disruption of the ligaments that connect the scapular to the clavi ...

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