Wrist Pain

Wrist Tendinopathy

Tendinopathy is the name given to an injury of a tendon, the tough fibre that connects muscles to bones. Tendinopathies can occur in any tendon of the body and are typically caused by repetitive microtrauma and overuse. Tendinopathies are common injuries associated with the wrist. They typically pre ...

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Wrist Ganglions

Ganglions are small, non-cancerous, soft tissue tumours that commonly develop on the dorsal (back) aspect of the wrist at the dorsal scapholunate ligament or at the metacarpal heads (base of the fingers). They are small cysts filled with a thick, sticky, clear material. The cause of ganglions is unk ...

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Ulnar Tunnel Syndrome (Guyon’s Canal Syndrome)

The tunnel of Guyon is located on the palmar and medial (little finger) side of the wrist and is a tunnel composed of the pisiform and hook of the hamate (wrist bones) and surrounded by ligaments and muscles. It is through this tunnel that the ulnar artery and ulnar nerve travel. Entrapment or irrit ...

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Triquetrolunate Dissociation

Triquetrolunate dissociation is the second most common ligamentous cause of carpal (wrist bone) instability. It is an instability between the triquetrum and lunate bones of the wrist. It typically follows a fall onto a wrist positioned in flexion (towards the palm) and inward rotation. This causes ...

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Triquetrohamate Instability

Triquetrohamate instability occurs when there has been a stretching or tearing of the interosseous ligament joining the triquetrum and hamate carpals (wrist bones). It typically occurs following trauma to the ulnar side (small finger side) while the wrist was in a position of hyperpronation, or inwa ...

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Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex Injury

The Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex (TFCC) is a cartilage structure located within the ulnar side (small finger side) of the wrist, which acts to cushion and support the carpals (wrist bones) while stabilising the wrist end of the radius and ulnar bones. Injury to the TFCC typically presents as tw ...

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Superficial Radial Nerve Compression (Cheiralgia Paresthetica/Wartenberg’s Syndrome)

Cheiralgia Paresthetica, also named Wartenberg’s Syndrome, is the name given to an irritation of the superficial branch of the radial nerve as it travels through the dorsum (back) and lateral (thumb) side of the wrist. It presents as pain, numbness and/or tingling over the dorsum (back) and lateral ...

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Scapholunate Dissociation

Scapholunate dissociation is the most common ligamentous causes of carpal (wrist bone) instability. It is an instability between the scaphoid and lunate bones of the wrist. It typically follows a fall onto an outstretched hand where the wrist is forced into a position of hyperextension (bending beyo ...

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Scaphoid Fracture

The scaphoid is a carpal (wrist bone) located at the base of the thumb. A fracture of the scaphoid typically follows a direct trauma such as a fall onto an outstretched hand. Symptoms include pain and tenderness in the area just below the base of the thumb made worse with thumb use. Complications wi ...

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Radial Tunnel Syndrome

Radial Tunnel Syndrome is the name given to a set of symptoms caused by compression of the posterior interosseous nerve (PIN) - a branch of the radial nerve - as it travels through the lateral (outside) aspect of the elbow. Compression of the PIN may occur at several locations including the radial h ...

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Pronator Teres Syndrome

Pronator Teres Syndrome is a compression of the median nerve as it passes through the two heads of the pronator teres muscle at the elbow. It is less common than Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (compression of the median nerve at the wrist) and presents differently. Compression of the median nerve at the elb ...

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Posterior Interosseous Nerve Syndrome (PINS)

PINS is the name given to compression of the posterior interosseous nerve (PIN) – a branch of the radial nerve – as it travels through the lateral (outside) aspect of the elbow. It differs from Radial Tunnel Syndrome in that the compression is severe enough to cause motor loss to the muscles in the ...

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Kienbock’s Disease

Kienbock's Disease is the name of a disorder whereby blood supply to the lunate, one of the carpals (wrist bones) located centrally at the base of the wrist, is interrupted. Typically this interruption is due to a stress fracture, a break in the bone following repetitive microtrauma. It often presen ...

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Intersection Syndrome

Intersection syndrome is the name given to an inflammatory response and possible bursitis at the site where two of the thumb tendons, the abductor pollicis longus and the extensor pollicis brevis, cross over the wrist extensors (muscles which straighten the wrist). It presents as pain and crepitus ( ...

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Hook of Hamate Fracture

The hamate is a wedge shaped carpal (wrist bone) located on the medial (little finger) side of the wrist. The hamate has a hook-like bony protuberance which projects from the palmar aspect and is one of the bones that forms the tunnel of Guyon. A fracture of the hook of hamate typically follows dire ...

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Dorsal Impaction Syndrome

Repetitive extension (backward bending) of the wrist can cause compression of the dorsal (back) structures of the wrist. This can lead to a number of changes in the wrist including capsulitis and/or synovitis (inflammation between and surrounding the wrist joints). Dorsal impaction syndrome presents ...

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De Quervain’s Tenosynovitis

De Quervain's Tenosynovitis is the name given to tendinosis (swollen tendons) of the abductor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis brevis tendons located at the base of the thumb. It typically occurs as a result of repetitive microtrauma (e.g. activities that require forceful gripping or repetitive ...

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Cubital Tunnel Syndrome

Cubital Tunnel Syndrome is a compression or stretch of the ulnar nerve as it passes through the cubital tunnel located on the medial (inside) aspect of the elbow. Compression of the ulnar nerve may be due to hypertrophy (enlargement) of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle (muscle located on the inside o ...

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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is a compression of the median nerve as it travels through the carpal tunnel of the wrist. The carpal tunnel is made up of the carpals (wrist bones) underneath and a band of strong ligaments (flexor retinaculum) over the top. A number of structures pass through the carpal tunn ...

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Anterior Interosseous Syndrome

Anterior Interosseous Syndrome is a condition where there has been compression of the anterior interosseous nerve, a motor branch of the median nerve. Compression may occur either at the flexor digitorum superficialis muscle or deep head of the pronator teres muscle (muscles of the forearm). As the ...

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