Traumatic Hip Dislocations
Traumatic Hip Dislocation is the result of severe trauma such as a car accident or a fall from great heights and typically occurs either anteriorly or posteriorly. Anterior (front) hip dislocations typically follow a blunt trauma to the hip while it is positioned in extension (back) and internal (inward) rotation. Posterior (rear) hip dislocations typically follow a blunt trauma to the hip while it is in a position of flexion (forward), adduction and internal (inward) rotation. The pain is severe in both instances and is considered a medical emergency.
Complications that may follow a traumatic hip dislocation include nerve injuries, avascular necrosis – the death of bone tissue due to loss of blood supply - and osteoarthritis.