Thoracic Segmental Joint Dysfunction
The thoracic spine (upper and mid back) begins at the base of the neck and is made up of twelve vertebrae (spinal bones) labelled T1-12 which connect to the lumbar spine (low back). Thoracic Segmental Joint Dysfunction is the term used to describe a number of thoracic joint injuries that affect the function of the thoracic spine. These include traumatic, biomechanical, hormonal, inflammatory or degenerative joint disease. These injuries may cause hypomobility (less movement) or hypermobility (more movement). This altered function can cause further problems with the surrounding joints, muscles and ligaments resulting in thoracic pain, neck pain, shoulder pain, upper limb pain, chest pain, difficulty breathing and pain that travels down into the low back.