Congenital Hip Dislocation (Congenital Hip Dysplasia)
Congenital hip dysplasia, also known as congenital hip dislocation, is a birth deformity resulting in misalignment or dislocation of the hip joint. The cause is unknown. However, factors which are known to increase the risk include: low levels of amniotic fluid in the womb during pregnancy, the first child, a breech position or large foetus during pregnancy, as well as family history.
Symptoms range from non-existent to a favouring of one side when the baby begins to move, a short leg, and uneven skin folds. If the condition is undetected prior to walking, symptoms may present as limping, toe walking or scoliosis (lateral curvature of the spine). Congenital hip dislocation is usually detected and diagnosed during routine physical exams.