Knee Joint Dysfunction
The knee joint is composed of four bones - the femur, tibia, fibula and patella – and three joints.
● Tibiofemoral Joint: The tibiofemoral joint is the main weight bearing part of the knee.
● Tibiofibular Joint: The tibiofibular joint is a synovial joint and provides stability to the knee and ankle.
● Patellofemoral Joint: The patellofemoral joint is the joint formed by the kneecap (patella) and the femur.
Knee Joint Dysfunction is the term used to describe a number of injuries that affect the function of the knee joint. These include traumatic, biomechanical, hormonal, inflammatory or degenerative joint disease. These injuries may cause hypomobility (less movement) or hypermobility (more movement). This altered function can cause further problems with the surrounding joints, muscles and ligaments resulting in pain in and around the kneecap and a reduced range of motion.