Torticollis (Wry Neck)
A torticollis or wry neck is the result of an acute spasm to the head and neck muscles resulting in a significant loss of neck movement. The neck classically appears locked in rotation and side tilting. The most common level of the neck to be affected is the upper neck (C2-C3), and both adults and children can suffer from this condition. Trauma, dental work and whiplash appear to be the most significant reasons for a torticollis however poor posture while sleeping, bruxism (tooth-grinding), temporomandibular dysfunction – (dysfunction of the muscles controlling the jaw), or repetitive neck movements may cause this condition.
Headaches, neck pain and the inability to freely move the neck are all common symptoms of a torticollis.
A torticollis may be confused with cervical spine sprain/strain.