Cervical Segmental Joint Dysfunction
The cervical spine (neck) begins at the base of the skull and is made up of seven vertebra (spinal bones) labelled C1-7 which connect to the thoracic spine (upper back). Cervical Segmental Joint Dysfunction is the term used to describe a number of cervical joint injuries that affect the function of the cervical spine. These include traumatic, biomechanical, hormonal, inflammatory or degenerative joint disease. These injuries may cause hypomobility (less movement) or hypermobility (more movement). This altered function can cause further problems with the surrounding joints, muscles and ligaments resulting in cervical pain, headaches, jaw pain, shoulder pain, upper limb pain and upper back pain.